Best Linux distros for 2019
Linux is loved by enthusiasts, those who actually know how to use the operating system which is far from newbie-friendly. It places third in the race for world's most popular operating system behind GUI-focussed Windows in pole position and MacOS in its slipstream. It's the open-source foundation on which the OS is built. Developers and engineers alike love its malleability, any code can be shared and modified by anyone who wants to take it on, making it not just an OS, but a worldwide collaboration project which means its functionality is constantly improved.
And a Linux distribution (abbreviated as a distro) is an operating system made from a software collection, which is based upon the Linux kernel and, often, a package management system. Linux users usually obtain their operating system by downloading one of the Linux distributions, which are available for a wide variety of systems ranging from embedded devices and personal computers to powerful supercomputers.
If you're looking to make a change, here are the best all-purpose distros.
Let's check out -
Arch, widely considered to be the distro of choice for Linux veterans. One of the reason it's so popular, however, is that it's very complex, requiring a large amount of technical know-how to properly set up and configure. It also doesn't give you much to work with. The Arch packages provide the bare bones of the operating system - there isn't even a graphical desktop environment included with it. You can install any desktop you like over the top of it along with all sorts of other groovy software and tools, but Arch itself is pared down to the bone.
The openSUSE project has three main goals - make openSUSE the easiest Linux for anyone to obtain and the most widely used Linux distribution, leverage open source collaboration to make openSUSE the world’s most usable Linux distribution and desktop environment for new and experienced Linux users, dramatically simplify and open the development and packaging processes to make openSUSE the platform of choice for Linux developers and software vendors. openSUSE also offers Tumbleweed rolling release distro.
Linux Mint is a great ‘default’ distro for new Linux users, as it comes with a lot of the software you’ll need when switching from Mac or Windows, such as LibreOffice, the favored productivity suite of Linux users. It also has better support for proprietary media formats, allowing you to play videos, DVDs and MP3 music files out of the box. You can download three main starter flavors of Mint 19, each of which uses a different desktop environment, the top-most layer of the interface allowing you to change elements such as the appearance of windows and menus. Cinnamon is currently the most popular, but you can also choose the more basic MATE or Xfce.
Fedora, formerly Fedora Core, is a Linux distribution developed by the community-supported Fedora Project. An upstream source of the commercial Red Hat Enterprise Linux distribution. Fedora contains free and open-source license software packages and aims to be on the leading edge of technologies while working closely with upstream Linux communities. Fedora Project also distributes custom variations of Fedora called Fedora ‘spins’, for gaming, security, design, scientific computing, robotics, etc. Fedora short version life cycle of 13 months and it’s bleeding edge approach means that package updates are frequent. This may be scary to some or satisfying to others who enjoy using the latest software.
Ubuntu is one of the most popular flavors of Linux and along with Mint is strongly recommended for Linux newbies, as it's extremely accessible. New versions of Ubuntu are released every six months. Every other year the developer Canonical releases an LTS (long-term support) version of Ubuntu. These guarantee five years of security and general maintenance updates, so you can carry on using your machine without the hassle of running a full upgrade every few months. Standard releases are supported for one year only. There are variations of Ubuntu which employ different environments such as Lubuntu, which uses a minimal desktop environment based on LXDE and a selection of fast, lightweight applications. This places far less strain on system resources than the graphic-intensive Unity.
Debian Linux is one of the most Popular and best Linux Distro for Servers and Personal computers. Many Linux Distros derived from the Debian operating system. Because it is considered as the solid Linux. Debian Project offers the Software repository which has a wide range of Free Linux Software applications in one Place.
Zorin OS is based upon the Ubuntu distribution, meaning it's compatible with everything Ubuntu works with, including all the libraries and repositories used by the Linux distro. Zorin OS it's an increasingly popular way of getting Linux on machines because it features a graphical installation process UI, making it easier for newbies to get up and running with the alternative OS.
Deepin is a stylish Linux based operating system which you can easily use on your personal computers and on network servers. It carries its own desktop environment known as DDE or Deepin Desktop Environment. Deepin also carries all the packages from the underlying system, Debian. According to DistroWatch, it was the most popular Linux based distribution from China in 2017.
If you are looking for a smart, attractive Linux distro then you should give Elementary OS a try. Based on Ubuntu, it boasts on the Pantheon desktop environment, which is basically built on GNOME software base. Its current interface or any upcoming updates follow a design philosophy known as the Human Design Guidelines. Its design, in particular, is pretty simple, which attracted praise from many users.
Subgraph is a bit different in that it’s a rising star of a Linux distro which is designed specifically for privacy. The developers stress that it's still in development but the OS holds great promise for privacy lovers. Subgraph's kernel has been hardened using Grsecurity, which is widely regarded as one of the most secure Linux cores in the world today. You can also use specialized whitelists and blacklists to determine which applications are allowed to run. Unlike some other distros of its type, Subgraph is quite easy on the eyes, using the Gnome desktop environment and Xpra to provide a simple but attractive interface.
A user-friendly, desktop-oriented operating system based on Arch Linux. Key features include intuitive installation process, automatic hardware detection, stable rolling-release model, ability to install multiple kernels, special Bash scripts for managing graphics drivers and extensive desktop. Users will benefit from a supportive and vibrant Manjaro community forum.
TinyCore is one of the smallest distros ever, with the recommended package clocking in at just 16MB. It's pretty much what you'd expect - a barebones distro that includes the absolute minimum needed to get up and running. The recommended version includes a graphical interface, a window manager, and not much else. By default, TinyCore operates like a thin client; it boots entirely into the system's RAM rather than installing to the hard drive; and while you can install applications, they only last for one session.
Gentoo Operating system built on top of Linux kernel and based on the Portage package management system. Unlike traditional software distribution, You have to compile the software packages in your own system based on the system configuration.
Tails is known for its capacity to maintain users’ privacy and anonymity at any given situation. With Tails, you can surf the internet with freedom and not worrying about any censorship. The operating system can only be booted as Live USB or Live DVD and there will be no digital footprint left on the system unless instructed otherwise. It makes sure that all your internet traffic passes through Tor network, a specialized program that makes sure your data remains anonymous. Tails also feature advanced cryptographic tools to protect your files and emails.
Antergos is a rising star thanks to its default configuration options and easy setup process compared to Arch. The custom installer, Cnchi, installs the Gnome 3 desktop by default, but also allows you to select from five other desktop environments if you prefer something else. It boasts multi-language support. It also downloads and installs the essentials for playing media and other useful applications. Antergos has no default office suite but can make use of the LibreOffice Installer for Arch Linux.
Let us know which distro you like the most. You can also suggest some other distros which not mentioned above if those are best. You can also share your experiences with us. Thank you!