Known unknown facts about 26/11 Mumbai attacks

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Known unknown facts about 26/11 Mumbai attack

A date that became synonymous with terror. The attacks of 26/11, unfortunately, happen to be one of those attacks. The incident that occurred on the 26th of November 2008 in Mumbai shook the entire nation and left people in shock for a long time. On this day, Mumbai stood witness to one of the deadliest terrorist attacks the country has ever seen, a group of 10 terrorists associated with Lashkar-e-Taiba (LeT) attacked India's financial capital Mumbai. More than 10 coordinated shooting and bombing attacks on hotels, a train station, a hospital and a Jewish community center over three days. This act of terror claimed the lives of a number of innocent people and was one of the worst attacks to hit India.

Here are some other lesser-known facts you should know about 26/11 attacks -

  • Attacks were carried out at CSTM Railway station, The Taj Mahal Palace Hotel, Oberoi Trident Hotel, Nariman House, Cama and Albless Hospital, Leopold Cafe, Metro Cinema and a lane behind the Times of India building and St. Xavier’s College. There were also explosions at Mazgaon and in a taxi at Vile Parle.

  • 24 young men were trained for the Mumbai attacks in Muzaffarabad. The training comprised of commando training, combat training, and indoctrination. From the 24, 10 terrorists were selected for the task.

  • It was on 21st November 2008 that ten terrorists left Pakistan in the boat, and headed towards India. The terrorists killed four fishermen and hijacked an Indian trawler, the Kuber and threatened the captain to sail to India on 23rd November. On 26th November, while they were 7km away from the Mumbai shore, the terrorists killed the captain and headed towards Colaba in inflatable speed-boats. On reaching the docks at Machhimar Nagar, in Mumbai Cuffe Parade neighborhood, while six of the men got off, the rest continued sailing along the shore. On being asked about their identity, the six of them introduced themselves as students. The remaining four men came ashore at Badhwar Park, Cuffe Parade. They split up and headed in two different ways.

  • This was not a bombing attack, but an open fire attack where the group of terrorists opened fire at people in various parts of South Mumbai. They randomly kept shooting and hurting people without any motive.

  • This attack killed a total of 164 people and injured over 600.

  • The attacks started on 26 November (Wednesday) and lasted until Saturday, 29 November 2008.

  • Several foreign nationals were killed in the attacks.

  • The shooting at Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Terminus, led by Ajmal Amir Kasab and Abu Dera Ismail.

  • The railway police had filed a case against Ajmal Kasab for traveling ticketless. However, they did not notice the huge bag he was carrying that was loaded with ammunition. Ajmal was the one who opened fire at CST station killing a number of people in his attack.

  • The group not only planned the attack but also funded the terrorists with all the ammunition that would help them kill as many people as they could spot.

  • The terrorists used automatic weapons and grenades in the attacks.

  • After the attacks were brought under control, the commandos confessed that the chopper dropped them off on the roof of the wrong building instead of Nariman House where the terrorist was hiding. It took them a long time to get to the actual spot.

  • Out of the 58 people they killed, 22 were Muslims.

  • The terrorists reached the city via a boat. According to Ajmal Kasab, they had been given instructions to target the places.

  • While the cops wanted to try to capture them alive, they had to gun down most of them, except for one. Ajmal Kasab was captured alive and he was kept in police custody for a long time till he was hanged to death.

  • According to the medical reports of the terrorists, they were on heavy drugs in order for them to stay awake. They had to travel a long distance before they reached the city and were expected to carry out all their tasks without any rest.

  • In order for them to not feel tired to weak, they were injected with heavy doses of cocaine and LSD which helped them to stay pumped up.

  • Apart from attacks at various locations, two taxis were also exploded in the city the same evening by the use of time bombs.

  • National Security Guards (NSG) conducted 'Operation Black Tornado' to flush out the terrorists.

  • Hafiz Saeed, leader of Jama'at-ud-Da'wah (JuD) is said to be the alleged mastermind behind the 26/11 Mumbai attacks. Hafiz Saeed who operated mainly from Pakistan planned and executed the entire 26/11 Mumbai attack plan.

  • The three top cops of Mumbai were gunned down by Ajmal Kasab. Anti-Terrorism Squad chief Hemant Karkare, encounter specialist Vijay Salaskar and Additional Commissioner of Police Ashok Kamte were in one car, on their way to Cama Hospital to check on injured officer Sadanand Date, when Kasab and Ismail shot them and three other constables in the vehicle.

  • Assistant Sub-inspector Tukaram Omble was killed in action on the fatal night of the attack while fighting the terrorists. He made the ultimate sacrifice to ensure the police caught Kasab alive. Ombale was posthumously honored with the Ashok Chakra for his bravery, on November 26, 2009.

  • Twice before the Mumbai terror attack took place, the terrorist group made two failed attempts to attack the city in September and October.

  • Major Sandeep Unnikrishnan of the National Security Guards was killed during the rescue of Commando Sunil Yadav, who was hit in the leg by a bullet during the rescue operations at Taj.

  • No employee from Taj hotel escaped that day. Although it was possible for them to escape they chose to stay.

  • It is believed that the Taj hotel staff were able to save 400 lives. Point noteworthy here is that they were not given any prior training to deal with such a situation.

  • Tata Foundation paid full salary to all its staff even though the hotel was closed for renovation.

  • The attackers used at least three SIM cards purchased on the India-Bangladesh border. There were also reports that a SIM card was purchased in the US state New Jersey.

  • Kasab was sentenced to death and hanged on November 21, 2012.