Top 15 mysterious underwater discoveries
Oceans not only refer to water but also there are full of secrets. With around 70% of the Earth’s surface covered in water, tons of valuable artifacts are bound to get lost. This includes everything from sunken ships to entire cities. Some of these lost ancient relics can be worth billions and tell us a lot about how ancient people lived.
There is something about the underwater world that captures our imagination – perhaps it is the curiosity and intrigue about what else may lie beneath the surface or the idea that entire cities may be hidden on the ocean floor, out of sight and out of reach.
Underwater explorers have also discovered mysterious objects of unknown origin, entire rivers and jungles, and even huge canyons.
So, here is a list of some of the most remarkable and interesting underwater discoveries that's for sure capture your attention also.
The underwater complex of Yonaguni
The Yonaguni Monument stands on the ocean floor off the coast of Japan. It is believed to be around 5,000 years old. No one is quite sure how these massive slabs got there and theories range from ancient civilizations, aliens, and natural formations. Some researchers and historians believe that the structures at Yonaguni could be the ancient remains of Mu, a fabled Pacific civilization rumored to have vanished beneath the Ocean.
We all know about the Titanic. Everyone is familiar with this famous ship. Movies and tales about this ship may captivate you, but facts are even more intriguing. Needless to say, this British passenger liner rests on the seabed to this day, relinquishing glimpses to a time when she rode upon the cold northern ocean. While her magic remains, the beauty once held by the Titanic slowly disintegrates over time. Divers can still explore the remains of the doomed vessel on the ocean floor.
A Sunken Sculpture Park
The deep-sea gallery of sculptures in the Moliniere Beausejour Marine Protected Area of the Caribbean Sea, off the coast of Grenada, gets an honorable mention for inspiring no less awe than some of mankind's more mysterious aquatic discoveries. Located between four and five meters deep, the collection of statues is designed to enhance a conserved section of the ocean and highlight the way nature makes a permanent mark on the physical world over time. Many of the sculptures, which includes life-sized casts of local children, are covered in sea vegetation and barnacles and have been a hit with scuba enthusiasts for years. The artwork has also encouraged marine life to take up residence in this stretch of the Caribbean Sea and thus proved beneficial to the environment.
In 2015, Archaeologists discovered the wreck of a Mongolian ship that was part of a fleet that was sent to invade Japan in the 13th century by Kublai Khan of the Yuan Dynasty. In the discovery, they found roof tiles, iron utensils, and a porcelain vase and bowl. Atsuyuki Nakata, the head of the cultural properties division of the Matsuura city board of education, told The Telegraph, "One thing that we hope to learn from the wreck is the kind of materials that were used by the Mongolians 730 years ago, as well as the techniques used in the construction of the ship."
The city of Thonis-Heracleion
In ancient times, the city of Thonis-Heracleion, known in modern times as the lost kingdom of Cleopatra served as a gateway to Egypt. Today, this mysterious legendary city is submerged in Egypt’s Aboukir Bay, near Alexandria. Why the city sank remains a mystery, but it was swallowed by the Mediterranean Sea and has been buried in sand and mud for more than 1,200 years. New amazing underwater discoveries allow archeologists to piece together clues and to create an image of what life was like in the ancient city.
Apollo 11 engines
An Apollo 11 engine was recently uncovered in the Atlantic Ocean after Amazon CEO Jeff Bezos financed a team to search for it. In March 2012, Amazon CEO Jeff Bezos went on a private and secret expedition to find and recover the Apollo engines that brought Neil Armstrong, Buzz Aldrin and Michael Collins to the moon. They were able to discover a Saturn V engine, and when they removed corrosion from the base of its thrust chamber they found the serial number "Unit No 2044". This was the proof they needed that it was, in fact, the engine of Apollo 11.
In November 2013, archaeologists announced the recovery of a treasure trove of artifacts off the coast of Sicily from the site of the first ancient naval battle ever discovered, including battering rams, helmets, armor and weapons dating back 2,000 years. They are the remnants of the Battle of the Egadi Islands - the last clash from the first Punic War which took place in 241 BC – in which the Romans fought the Carthaginians in a battle that culminated from more than 20 years of warring as the Romans struggled to gain a foothold in the Mediterranean Sea. While the Carthaginians were much more powerful on the water, the Romans lay in wait trapping the Carthaginians and blocking off their sea route in a sudden attack. Up to 50 Carthaginian ships were sunk, killing up to 10,000 men. The Roman victory set them on the road for Europe-wide domination. The priceless horde of artifacts had lain undisturbed on the seabed at a depth of 100 meters for more than two millennia.
The S.S. Central America
In 1857, the S.S. Central America sailed into a hurricane and sank to the bottom of the ocean. Part of its cargo was an enormous amount of gold. Then, in 1987, archaeologists discovered the wreck and pulled up 2,900 gold coins and 45 gold ingots.
The Silfra Crack is right where the North American and Eurasian continent plates meet and are continuously separating 2 cm per year. So, if you scuba dive in the Silfra Crack, you’re literally in-between two continents. The water down there is also crystal clear due to cold temperatures and underground lava.
When Paul Hepler, the captain of the charter boat Venture III, was mapping out the ocean floor off the coast of New Jersey in 1985, he made a bizarre discovery. Sat perfectly upright on the seabed, around 90 feet down, were two rare locomotives. Subsequent dives revealed the trains to be Planet Class 2-2-2 T models, some of the oldest steam trains ever built in the United States, but how they ended up at the bottom of the sea is anybody's guess. More than 20 dives and countless hours of research have been invested in the so-called New Jersey deep-sea train graveyard, yet their full origin remains a mystery.
The Underwater River
Also known as Cenote Angelita Cave, divers just love exploring this mesmerizing “river.” In truth, it’s not actually an underwater river, but an optical illusion caused by a cloud of hydrogen sulfide interacting with the salt water. Deep underwater near Tulum, Mexico, you can find a swirling mist that looks like a river in the middle of the cave. The cenote, a cave created by the collapse of limestone bedrock which then fills with water, is 180 ft below the surface and even has trees surrounding it. Photographer Anatoly Beloshchin filmed his exploration of the cenote named Angelita, or 'little angel'.
Village Of Haifa, Israel
A lost Levantine village was found 16 feet underwater off of Haifa, Israel. Over the years, they discovered a 7,500-year-old water well and evidence that the site may have once been the oldest olive oil production center of the world. A study in the Journal of Archaeological Science describes the thousands of crushed olive stones and early olive-oil production technology that was discovered at the site in the 90s.
World War II Silver
This World War II-era silver was discovered by researchers off the coast of Ireland. During WWII, Nazi torpedoes struck the SS Gairsoppa while en route to the United Kingdom from India. Bars of silver settled 300 miles from the Irish coast until 2011. The British cargo ship was found, along with 61 tons of silver nestled with the creatures of the deep.
This America aircraft carrier saw battle in both the Korean War and the Vietnam War. Eventually, it was destroyed by the enemy and sank, but it’s now part of the world’s largest artificial coral reef.
The Bimini Road
One of the most popular tourist attractions in the Bahamas is the Bimini Road, a mysterious pathway running 20ft beneath the ocean's surface. Its origins are shrouded in mystery and most experts fail to agree whether the road is man-made or the result of Mother Nature's tinkering. There have been a number of outlandish theories about its purpose over the years, with some even speculating that it leads to the ruins of the mythical city of Atlantis. The Bimini Road was first discovered in 1930, and this is the best (or at least the most fun) explanation for its existence that has been tabled so far. It's been a popular site for scuba enthusiasts since it was uncovered.
Stock photo from Stas Moroz